Python with decoupled variables

Sometimes a need to get variables into your Python code, without hard-coding them into the program itself will arise.

Here is how it can handled.

    sudo apt install python3-decouple -y

Add this into your py program’s import lines:

from decouple import config

Next, you need to create .env file and insert variables into it.

touch .env

nano .env


Then in your code, you would refer to your variable like this:


Linux bluetooth connection setup from the system’s start

  1. Multichannel keyboard that needed a pin entered (Logitech K480).
  2. JBL Flip Essential 2 bluetooth speaker.

With the keyboard, scan and connect via cli:


From the [bluetooth], turn on power, turn on agent and start scanning for devices.

[bluetooth] power on
[bluetooth] agent on
[bluetooth] scan on

Next, pair your keyboard:

pair <mac_address_of_the_keyboard>

When you get prompted a code type it with the keyboard that you are pairing and press enter with it.

At this point, I got a pairing success message. This pairing process also worked with the Blueman applet. But for some reason it was not permanent with my Logitech K480 keyboard. When pairing was done via cli it was permanent and survived a computer reboot. I suspect this being because the gui never asked for any pin, whereas the cli did.

Finally from the cli, I connected my keyboard with:

connect <mac_address_of_the_keyboard>

In the end the cli process was so stable and nice, that I ended up pairing and connecting all my devices via it. Blueman that I had used previously, got removed.

When pairing and connecting was done, I needed to get my bluetooth devices connecting from the system’s startup(automatically). Here is a bash script together with a systemd file to accomplish that:

sudo nano /opt/

Script content example:

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Wake on Lan with Linux

Wake on Lan is a great functionality to have if for some reason you have issues accessing the power button of your machine.
Generally, wake on lan works on Linux and Windows with modern machines that support it. Wake on lan also needs a wired connection in order to work.

Here is short guide on how to use wake on lan on Debian based distributions and with Lenovo Ideapad laptop.

Note: On many occasions you will need to also enable wake on lan support on Bios. My Asus desktop (Windows) machine required this. In case of my Lenovo Ideapad, there was no Bios entry at all. However, this Ideapad model still supported wake on lan.

  1. Install ethtool:

    sudo apt install ethtool

    1. Find your lan interface:

    ip a

    For me it was:
    2: enp3s0: mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast state UP group default qlen 1000

    On the very same ip a command you will also locate a MAC address, similar to:

    link/ether 11:a1:11:1c:a1:11

    See if wake on lan is enabled: sudo ethtool enp3s0| grep Wake-on

    When it is enabled you will see something like:

    Supports Wake-on: pumbg
    Wake-on: g

    If you run this command for the very first time, you will more than likely miss the g on Wake-on. To enable wake on lan on the interface(the g letter), execute: ethtool -s enp3s0 wol g

    1. Enable lan interface to support wake on lan on system level during start.

    I did not want to do this every time manually. I created a file called wol.service with the following content:

    ExecStart=ethtool -s enp3s0 wol g

    Then I copied it to right place, enabled it during the system start, and started it on my current session:

    sudo cp wol.service /etc/systemd/system/wol.service
    sudo systemctl enable wol
    sudo systemctl start wol

    4. How to wake on Lan

    I noticed that only systemctl suspend was something that I was able to use and produce a working wake on lan situation. This will likely vary based on your setup.
    In comparison: On Windows hosts, the system needs to be shutdown cleanly and wake on lan will just work.

    On another Debian Linux box you can install: sudo apt install wakeonlan

    Then you can wake the machine with: wakeonlan 11:a1:11:1c:a1:11

    5. Waking with Android or Iphone:

    Wake on lan can also be produced with Android or Iphone. I used Wake On Lan by Mike Webb. You can use that app or something else. I will not directly recommend any applications. I suggest that if you want to use your phone as a wake on lan controller, that you will do some investigation of your own and find out what application is best for your device.

    Saml authentication with SimpleSaml.php

    I did some experiments with the SimpleSaml.php project to see how it functions.

    From these experiments, I created a new repository fork:, which contains my own experiments build on top of a well-established Github project. I also made a custom basic theme for SimpleSaml, which is included on my Github source.

    SimpleSaml with a custom basic theme.